Medical research and investigation reveal that Germany, Belgium, Canada, Australia, and the Netherlands, were actively engaged in human experimentation, however, there is more evidence that the ingenious natives of Papua New Guinea, were also used for experimentation.
The arrest of Nobel laureate Professor Daniel Carleton Gajdusek seemed like a gangster movie. FBI agents with guns and handcuffs entered his huge country house, located in the U.S. state of Maryland. He was charged as a criminal.
On that fateful day, FBI agents entered the laboratory of Central Nervous System Studies, at the National Institutes of Health NIH, and they hermetically sealed and ransacked it completely.
Journals, scientific papers from the Second World War, letters guided with travel reports, pictures, videos, and computers fell into the hands of the FBI. The arrest hit the American society and the medical world like an atomic bomb.
A letter was sent from the Dutch virologist Jaap Goudsmit to the prestigious medical journal Lancet, called onto the FBI and the U.S. government to protest against the disproportionate action of the police organization.
Dutch Professor Goudsmit supported his argument with the words:
“Let us not forget that Nobel Prizes are awarded to visionary minds, often lonely years, tread a path which many of us do not dare to go. Gajdusek is one of those rare geniuses.”
However, Johan van Dongen would like to discuss the action which the late Dutch virologist Jaap Goudsmit (killed in the MH17 Crash), took after the arrest of Gajdusek because he thinks that his conduct wasn’t right.
Perhaps Goudsmit has forgotten that Gajdusek collaborated with the Nazi Germans and performed experiments on natives, aboriginals, and children in hospitals and orphanages.
Gajdusek, even so, has intensively cooperated with German war criminals after the war, in carrying out experiments on children, when he was a captain of U.S. forces in West Germany.
Australian Archives and uses of radioisotopes during the period 1947-1973
Recent reports in the Australian media have claimed that hundreds of Australian aboriginal children, orphans and mentally disabled, were injected with radioactive materials as part of medical experiments which continued in Australian hospitals from just after the Second World War until the 1960s.
These claims prompted a review of Australian Radiation Laboratory (ARL) records held by Australian Archives, and pertaining to the medical uses of radioisotopes during the period 1947-1973, in order to investigate, amongst others, the consequences of the application of atomic bombs.
Although at the time the therapeutic use of radioisotopes for the medical purposes listed above may have been considered novel in Australia at that time, the therapeutic procedures were based on extensive overseas experience, such as medical experiments on specific tribes in Papua New Guinea and could hardly be described as experimental.
Moreover, radioactive studies on native populations failed to obtain informed consent from the Highland natives of Papua New Guinea, the study itself does not breach current international guidelines.
These guidelines, published in 1982 by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS), recognize that there are rural populations in developing nations who may not be able to give adequately informed consent due to their unfamiliarity with current medical concepts.
Australian Radioactive Standing Committee for the supply of radio-isotopes
There are many studies listed for which there exists no documentation other than the approval granted by the Radio-isotope Standing Committee for the supply of radioisotopes. The Committee stated; “There have been approximately 270 medical experiments identified which necessitated the administration of radioisotopes to human volunteers or patients, aboriginals, and Papuans.
Radioisotopes were used experimentally to either improve the knowledge of particular physiological processes or to develop superior methods of treatment for particular disease states.
However, it is important to note that given the fragmentary nature of existing ARL files, and the fact that some publications in the literature may have been missed, the current database listing is not necessarily complete.”
But, as always, we are able to improve those databases because Professor Daniel Carlton Gajdusek couldn’t withstand his enormous ego because he published his experiments and findings already in 1957, but according to Wikipedia, the disease was first discovered in 1959 which is a lie of course.
Gajdusek D.C., Zigas V. Degenerative disease of the central nervous system in New Guinea. The endemic occurrence of “kuru” in the native population. N. Engl. J. Med. 1957;257:974–978. DOI: 10.1056/NEJM195711142572005.
Gajdusek D.C., Reid H.L. Studies of kuru. IV: The kuru pattern in Moke, a representative Fore village. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 1961;10:628–638.
Gajdusek D.C. Kuru: An appraisal of five years of investigation. Eugen. Q 1962; 9:69–74.
Papua New Guinean Chief minister Michael Somare
In 1972, the year prior to self-government, the Papua New Guinean Prime Minister Michael Somare sent out a circular which stated that he wished to be informed of all current and proposed medical and related research activities in Papua New Guinea performed by the Australian, German And Dutch Governments.
According to his Health Minister research at that time activities should be evaluated so that priorities can be established, and deficiencies in knowledge identified and remedied in due course.
In the mid-fifties and sixties of the last century, Papua New Guinean people are often not aware of their right to refuse co-operation to medical research workers.
The statement of Ethics of Human Experimentation sets out guidelines for research workers, but the statement of Ethics of Human Experimentation referred to above has not been found, and its contents are currently unknown.
It is important to note that there were many different research projects undertaken in Papua New Guinea whilst it was a Territory of Australia, Germany, and The Netherlands, however only a few involved the administration of radioisotopes to human subjects.
These studies often necessitated the participation of various groups of Highland natives who were not asked to give their “informed consent.”
Australian radioactive experiments at Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Adelaide and Papua New Guinea
The earliest radioactive studies performed did not clearly establish whether there was any link between iodine deficiency in the diet and endemic goiter observed in the highland villages.
However, other studies clearly demonstrated that endemic goiter was due to an iodine deficiency and that it could be corrected over a long period of time by the administration of an intramuscular depot of iodized oil, a treatment developed by researchers in Australia.
The definitive work was carried out in the mid-1960s and involved the measurement of various parameters associated with thyroid function, including 131I-iodide uptake by the thyroid gland and excretion in the urine, PBI, and T3 resin uptake tests.
Groups of goitrous and non-goitrous natives from areas in which endemic goiter was prevalent and from coastal areas were injected with 0.37 MBq l31I-iodide to enable uptake measurements to be made and compared between groups.
For further comparison, a group of patients of European descent at the Endocrine Clinic at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Adelaide were also injected with 131I-iodide, and similar parameters were measured.
The investigation into thyroid function was repeated in goitrous natives following treatment with iodized poppy seed oil, and the results demonstrated that the administration of the oil could correct iodine deficiency for a period of up to three years.
And of course, these investigations are necessary because there is a tremendous US nuke dome leak with fatal radioactive waste from 43 tests pouring into the Pacific Ocean which surrounds Papua New Guinea and Australia.
Radioactive waste in a concrete dome holding where the waste of 43 nuclear explosions is stored. Radioactive waste from the Enewetak Atoll was used by the US government in order to test 30 megatons of weapons with an equivalent to 2,000 Hiroshima blasts between 1948 and 1958.
More than 8,000 people would later work to clean up these Pacific islands, shifting 110,000 cubic yards of contaminated soil and debris into a blast crater. This 30-foot-deep crater on Runit Island, northeast of Australia, would then be entombed in a concrete dome.
Epidemiological studies of Army Captain Professor Daniel Carlton Gajdusek
Professor Daniel Carlton Gajdusek was a researcher on the wilder frontiers of medical science that really attracted him, luring him to places like New Guinea.
There he learned about Kuru, a degenerative disease of the nervous system, later dubbed “the laughing death”, which turned the brain to the sponge – uncomfortably familiar to us now but largely unknown in humans at that time – and which had reached epidemic proportions among people in villages deep in the island’s interior.
What followed was a flurry of activity in which Gajdusek and his fellow researchers endured extreme conditions to complete their research, carrying out post-mortems to remove brains of Papuans in stone-age conditions.
In contradiction to official statements, the New England Journal of Medicine published a description of this new illness by Gajdusek and his team already in 1957, after years of investigation before that date.
A British researcher called William Hadlow read the paper and spotted a link between this and scrapie, a well-documented disease of sheep that also turned brains into a sponge and which scientists were convinced was caused by a virus.
Gajdusek took up the challenge, and by the middle of the 1960s, he had shown through animal experiments that Kuru was transmissible using liquefied brain samples from New Guinea natives.
But an American scientist who frequently appears after the Second World War is the pediatrician and later army captain Daniël Carleton Gajdusek, son out of one poor Polish immigrant family.
He visited in 1948, 1952, and 1954 respectively, for the treatment of childhood diseases several times on behalf of the American army command post-war Germany. From 1952 to 1953, he is a staff member of the Institut Pasteur in Iran.
At the same time, he publishes as Walter Reed employee Army Medical Center on ‘Acute infectious hemorrhagic fevers (Ebola) and mycotoxins in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.’ This publication describes the relationship between mycotoxins and hemorrhagic fever associated with bleeding (Ebola).
Mycotoxins are remnants of fungi that have a strong resistance-reducing effect and are therefore effective in biological warfare.
From 1954 to 1955, Gajdusek is a consultant to the Australian government in Melbourne. Subsequent to 1957, he gives as representative of the National Institutes of Health, leads research on the growth and development of children and he does investigate disease patterns in primitive cultures with regard to sleeping viruses in Papua New Guinea.
He also made a startling discovery among the Fore tribes in Papua New Guinea where people are found to suffer from a special brain disease, a condition that changes the brain tissue into a kind of sponge. He calls this narrative neuropathy the KURU disease.
Back in Washington, he finds that the disease is contagious and he makes a connection with Creutzfeldt-Jacob, a disease that in turn is associated with the ‘mad cow disease.
The Papua natives, who had a tradition of cannibalism, were known to remove, cook and eat the brains of their dead relatives as a sign of respect. Gajdusek showed that “slow virus” infections in humans were possible.
These are infections characterized by a healthy symptomatic phase that can last for decades before the disease manifests itself. He also discovered a new group of “viruses” which were pieces of genetically active nucleic acid bound to fragments of a plasma membrane.
Gajdusek’s Nobel citation said that his research represented an “extraordinarily fundamental advance in human neurology and in mammalian biology and microbiology”, but he forgets to say that his citation was based on medical experiments on Australian children and New Guinean natives.
Gajdusek never mentioned the cause of KURU/MAD KOW DISEASE and Aids namely…; The Atomic Bomb ERA.
During the period 1947 through 1973, there existed guidelines for ethical conduct in medical research involving human experimentation. The Nuremberg Code was developed in 1947 following the Doctors’ V Trial at Nuremberg in Germany.
In 1964, the World Medical Assembly adopted a series of recommendations to guide medical doctors in biomedical research (Helsinki I).
Australia’s NHMRC released its own statement on Human Experimentation, based on Helsinki I, in 1966. As early as 1947, it was recognized that the consent of the human subject was essential.
Although both Helsinki I and the NHMRC statement on Human Experimentation recommended that it was best to obtain such consent in writing, these recommendations were not binding.
Based on anecdotal evidence, it appears that researchers in Australia were well aware of the Nuremberg Code and the principles it espoused and did use it as a guide for their own research.
Verbal consent was commonly obtained from human subjects, although, in some instances, the information supplied regarding the nature of the study may not have been as full as is required today.
Of the experimental studies listed in the database, very few could be considered contentious in either the aims of the study or the manner in which they were executed.
References to find out